Rethinking Interdependence

Economic interdependence with non-democracies promotes peace, open societies and democratic change. Until recently, this was a core tenant of German foreign policy: mutual dependencies were treated as an insurance policy, and promoting foreign trade was automatically a smart policy. But Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and the weaponized use of its gas exports make it clear: greater interdependence does not necessarily mean more security. How should German policy respond to this realization? And what does this mean in concrete terms for the national security strategy?